STOCKHOLM/MOSCOW, October 8 (RIA Novosti)
Scientists Shinya Yamanaka of Japan and John Gurdon of Britain have won this year’s Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for breakthroughs in stem cell research.
The pair discovered that mature and specialized cells of the body can be reprogrammed into stem cells. The Nobel Prize winners hope the discovery can be used in treating diseases like Parkinson’s or diabetes.
The prize committee at Stockholm's Karolinska Institute said the discovery has “revolutionized our understanding of how cells and organisms develop.”
The Nobel Prize for medicine is the first to be announced this year. The prize, established by Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel in his will in 1895, also recognizes achievements in chemistry, literature, peace and economics.
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The main event of the third day of the 11th meeting of the Valdai International Discussion Club in Sochi was the closing session with President Vladimir Putin. The atmosphere was calm and open, despite the current political tensions and the Russia-West confrontation. The Russian president said that it corresponded to the spirit of the Valdai Club.