NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko (archive)© RIA Novosti. Oleg Urusov
- ISS Partners Plan Yearlong Mission to Orbital Station
- Live coverage of ISS mission launch
- ISS astronauts land in Kazakhstan, crew in good mood - Mission Control
- New ISS mission postponed until October
MOSCOW, November 26 (RIA Novosti) – Russia’s Federal Space Agency Roscosmos and NASA have chosen two participants of an experimental yearlong endurance mission to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2015, Roscosmos said on Monday.
Russian cosmonaut Mikhail Korniyenko and NASA astronaut Scott Kelly have been picked to carry out the mission, which will be twice as long as typical six-month trips to ISS.
“It was a tough choice among many excellent candidates, but we have chosen the best and we are absolutely confident about their dedication and abilities,” Roscosmos head, Vladimir Popovkin, said.
Korniyenko, 52, has spent a total of 176 days in space as part of Expedition 23/24 crew in 2010. He carried out a spacewalk that lasted almost seven hours.
Kelly, 48, has logged over 180 days in space serving as a pilot on space shuttle mission STS-103 in 1999, commander on STS-118 in 2007, flight engineer on the ISS Expedition 25 in 2010 and commander of Expedition 26 in 2011.
The two already have a connection since Kelly was a backup crew member on the mission where Korniyenko was a flight engineer.
“The one-year increment will expand the bounds of how we live and work in space and will increase our knowledge regarding the effects of microgravity on humans as we prepare for future missions beyond low-Earth orbit,” said NASA’s William Gerstenmaier.
Scientists and researchers will also analyze the impact extended time in space has on the human body including bone density, muscle mass, and vision, officials with Roscosmos said.
Both NASA and Roscosmos have announced plans for future long term space exploration projects including manned missions to near-Earth asteroids and Mars.
Attempts to study the long-term physiological and physiological effects of human spaceflight have been made before.
Russian cosmonaut Valery Polyakov spent nearly 438 consecutive days in space during an endurance mission aboard the Mir Space Station. The mission began in January 1994 and ended in March 1995.
Last year, six volunteers from Russia, Europe and China completed the unique Mars 500 experiment simulating a manned flight to the Red Planet. They spent 520 days confined in a capsule set up at a research institute in Moscow.
Add to blog
You may place this material on your blog by copying the link.
Image Galleries: Siberian Air Base Gets New Su-30SM Fighter Jets
Infographics: First Russian Smartphone
New ties between Russia and Japan would mark not only a breakthrough in their relations but also a significant shift in Northeast Asia’s political dynamic. Both are secondary players in a region overshadowed by an increasingly assertive China, which has not hesitated to push against the boundaries of its neighbors.