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MOSCOW, February 26 (RIA Novosti) – Russian diplomatic sources have expressed optimism about a possible breakthrough in missile defense negotiations at Tuesday's foreign ministers’ meeting in Berlin, although their US counterparts were more reserved and said they expect no “major” breakthroughs, a respected Russian newspaper reported on the day of the talks.
The Kommersant daily, citing diplomatic sources on both sides, said Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and US Secretary of State John Kerry are likely to finally find common ground on missile defense at their first bilateral talks.
Missile defense has remained a key impasse in Russian-US relations in the past few years. Moscow has been irked by US plans to unilaterally deploy missile defense systems in Europe. NATO and the United States insist that the shield would defend alliance members against emerging missiles threats from North Korea and Iran, and would not be directed at Russia's nuclear deterrent.
Moscow has sought direct joint development and operation of any missile defense system, which NATO has declined.
Russian diplomatic sources told Kommersant a breakthrough could take the form of “political declarations at the highest level on principles of cooperation in the sphere of missile defense.” That would mean the two sides will seek to cooperate in the field of missile defense and refrain from using their potential against each other, the paper said.
Russia has also long sought such legal guarantees from NATO that any missile defense system will not be directed against Russia.
Diplomatic sources on both sides have confirmed “the parties have started discussing the possibility of drafting such documents,” the paper said.
To sign such an "executive agreement,” meeting the objectives of the US president, US President Barack Obama would not necessarily need to seek the approval of Congress. For his part, Russian President Vladimir Putin would only have to sign a memorandum of understanding, similar in concept to the US document, to clinch a deal.
A high-level US State Department official, however, said no “big breakthrough” was expected at Tuesday’s meeting, which he said will mainly focus on the Syrian crisis.
The official said Washington expects Russia could play a key role in convincing the Syrian regime that there needs to be a political transition, but there are no signs of major breakthroughs or change in the Russian position.
Russia has faced strong international criticism over its refusal to back UN sanctions against Syria, a major ally in the Arab world, over what it called the pro-rebel bias of some resolutions proposed by Western nations.
Moscow has consistently denied it is backing President Bashar al-Assad and says it is concerned that the Syrian president’s forced departure would only worsen the conflict.
Updated at 20:20 Moscow time; recasts first and second-to-last paragraphs.
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- Wolfgang9Hm??14:07, 26/02/2013I have never understand how anybody could trust such "legal" guarantees??
"Russia has also long sought such legal guarantees from NATO that any missile defense system will not be directed against Russia."
- jgLegal guarantees15:23, 26/02/2013Yes - I cannot see the point of such guarantees. Any such guarantees would be worthless.
If relations between Russia and the USA ever deteriorated to the point where they might actually consider firing nuclear weapons at each other, nobody would honour any guarantee not to use a defensive system to shoot down any incoming missiles. The US keep saying that the system is "not aimed at Russia". Well, obviously it isn't aimed at anyone - as a defensive system it wouldn't be aimed at anything until a it detects an inbound threat. I don't believe that these systems would know or care which country owned or launched any incoming missile - they would likely target ANY inbound missile, even if it was one of their own.
At present, I would think that Russia's interests would be best served by moving some of their deterrents to positions within the missile shield. In the longer term, perhaps Russia would want to develop her own missile shield - which might also be useful against space borne threats, like the recent meteor over Chelyabinsk.
If attempts to drag Russia into a direct military conflict in Ukraine are successful, it would be a catastrophe for Russia comparable to the 1979-1989 Afghan war. There is no direct evidence that the US is trying to bring about a second Afghan war, but indirect evidence abounds.