"The majority of these 180 drug cartels are based in the U.S. and NATO areas of responsibility," Viktor Ivanov said.
He said Russia had seized almost twice as much Afghan-made heroin and hashish since the start of 2009 as during the same period last year.
"The 1,500 packages seized since the start of the year translate into some 300 million doses - that is to say, two doses per Russian citizen, including babies," he said.
The service director said multinational drug cartels had turned Afghanistan into a drug farm that had a monopoly on global supplies of heroin, producing 94% of opiates in the world.
Russia annually loses up to 30,000 young lives to Afghan heroin.
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Ukraine has not preserved its 1991 borders. The signing of the Geneva memorandum on April 17 reaffirmed the willingness of Russia, the United States and EU countries to reach a compromise. While the sides continue to trade tough talk and symbolic sanctions, the Kremlin and the White House are also holding a parallel dialogue on the coordinated geopolitical revision of Eastern Europe.