Under the document, valid until December 1, 2011, the government is to develop ways to restrict military cooperation with countries supplying Russian or Soviet-made arms to Georgia.
Countries or individuals found to be in breach of these regulations will face economic and financial sanctions.
The Kremlin said the decree had been signed to protect Russia's national interests.
Relations between Moscow and Tbilisi have been strained since Georgia attacked South Ossetia on August 8 in an attempt to regain control over the breakaway republic, which split from Georgia in the early 1990s. In response, Russia launched a military operation to eject Georgian troops from the region.
Russia recognized the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, another separatist republic, on August 26.
Add to blog
You may place this material on your blog by copying the link.
Image Galleries: Oscar de la Renta Creative Genius in Pictures
Infographics: Nobel Peace Prize
We are now confronted with the limits of global governability in the field of security, but this does not imply a need to overhaul the rules of the global order. The order should continue to be based on established international laws and the nation-state system.